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How to install API based on Selenium on ec2 instance Amazon Linux?


Selenium is an open-source project, wide set of tools for web browser automation.

It is used for automated testing, and validate web applications,  with a variety of web browsers using a large set of programming languages including Java, C#, Python.

What is Selenium?

Selenium is a wide project, now we concentrate on the installation of WebDriver.

It implements a system for controlling browsers by directly communicating with them.

How to install Java JDK on AWS Ec2 Amazon Linux 2

Amazon AWS is the worldwide most reliable, secure cloud platform offering hundreds ton of services located in world data centers.

If you want to have full control like a hardware home server you can use AWS EC2 admin management for start, restart, setup configuration

AWS EC2 admin management page
AWS EC2 admin management page

When you create a EC2 instance you download your private keys (pem file) for connecting in ssh to your instance.

After connecting, first time you need to update the system packages:

sudo yum update

To install java 11 on Amazon Linux 2 using below command

sudo amazon-linux-extras install java-openjdk11

After installation check the installed OpenJDK version using command line below:

java --version

Use below command to switch java version

sudo alternatives --config java

How to Install Apache Maven on Amazon Linux 2

Download the latest Apache Maven version from Apache Maven official download page.

Navigate to /tmp directory where you want download Apache Maven

cd /tmp

Download the Apache Maven version using wget

sudo wget <>

once downloaded extract the apache maven setup in /opt directory

sudo tar xf /tmp/apache-maven-*.tar.gz -C /opt

Create a symlink for Apache maven directory to update the maven versions

sudo ln -s /opt/apache-maven-3.8.1 /opt/maven

Setup Apache Maven Environment Variables

To setup apache maven environment variables in Amazon Linux 2, create a file named in /etc/profile.d/ directory

sudo nano /etc/profile.d/

Paste the below lines

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jre-11-openjdk
export M2_HOME=/opt/maven
export MAVEN_HOME=/opt/maven
export PATH=${M2_HOME}/bin:${PATH}

Give the executable permission using chmod

sudo chmod +x /etc/profile.d/

Load the Environment Variables using source command

source /etc/profile.d/

Verify the installed maven version using the command line

mvn -version

Installing ChromeDriver

You will need to install ChromeDriver which allows you programmatic access to google chrome via the Webdriver API protocol.

  1. Firstafall get ChromeDriver using wget
  2. Unzip ChromeDriver
  3. Move ChromeDriver to the bin applications folder.
wget <>
sudo mv chromedriver /usr/bin/chromedriverchromedriver --version

Installing Google Chrome

For the ChromeDriver to work we also need to install Google Chrome. After you run the first curl command in the code block below, it might take a little while to download and install the necessary files.

curl <> | bash
sudo mv /usr/bin/google-chrome-stable /usr/bin/google-chrome
google-chrome --version && which google-chrome

Now you should have both Google Chrome and the ChromeDriver installed.

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